Low magnesium associated with type 2 diabetes, artery calcification

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A study published in Nutrition Journal has found that magnesium levels correlate to a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors.

The study of 1,276 Mexican-mestizo subjects aged between 30 to 75 and free of symptomatic cardiovascular disease, found that low serum magnesium was independently associated to a higher prevalence mot only of hypertension and type 2 diabetes, but also to coronary artery calcification, which is a marker of atherosclerosis and a predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

The researchers found that higher serum levels of magnesium could lower the risk of type 2 diabetes by 69%, coronary artery calcification by 42% and hypertension by 48%.

For every 0.17mg/dL rise in serum magnesium, a 16% reduction in coronary artery calcification was seen.

The researchers concluded: “The results of this study strongly suggest that lower serum magnesium levels are associated with coronary artery calcification in Mexican subjects free of clinically apparent cardiovascular disease.”

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